How to install solar energy and connect it to the house

 Since the fifties of the last century until today, in space as well as on Earth, solar energy has proven to be the desired savior and the best alternative to the rest of the world's energy sources. After the invention of the solar cell, space companies were the first to invest in the energy of the sun to make the first satellite that relies on solar cell energy, which was called Vanguard 1.

Today on Earth, solar energy contributes to supporting various fields, such as heating, lighting, and even transportation, and it can be said that this renewable energy has replaced other energy sources, most notably fossil fuel energy. Considering that the energy of the sun is renewable and free, its investment has become a necessity, especially in homes and roads. In addition to being environmentally friendly, this energy saves a lot of money and electricity. Based on that, in this article, we will provide you with the method of installing solar energy and delivering it to your home, but first, let us introduce you to the components of the solar panels that you will deal with.

Solar Panel Components

1.   metal structure:

The structure is a mechanical protective factor that ensures the durability of the solar panels and provides a solid structure for the solar cells to be placed; Therefore, it is usually made of aluminum, and the body can be silver or black.

2.   back layer:

It is made of different polymeric or plastic materials to act as an insulating layer for electricity, as well as to prevent the penetration of water or water vapor into the solar panels.

3.   Photovoltaic cells:

Cells that convert solar radiation into efficient and usable electrical energy, and are made of semiconductor material, silicon.

4.   wrapping layer:

This layer is necessary to ensure that the solar cells adhere to the top and bottom surfaces of the solar panel. This coating material has the advantage of withstanding high temperatures and continuous ultraviolet rays.

5.   Glass plate:

It forms a protective layer for the solar cells underneath, and glass is used as a transmitter for the wavelengths needed by the photovoltaic cells to generate electrical energy. In addition, the glass is strong, waterproof, and withstands continuous ultraviolet radiation.

Read more:  Solar Energy: What Is It And Why Is It An Alternative To Fuel Energy?

How to install solar energy

1.   Choose a suitable place:

In the beginning, the best place that reaches the sun must be chosen to place the solar panels, and the roof is often the best location for the panels to get enough sunlight.

2.   Solar panel holders:

As their name indicates, these mounts will hold and hold the solar panels in place, and each mount must match the dimensions of the solar panel, so it usually comes with its own mount. The mounts are placed at an angle to the sun so that the solar cells receive the maximum amount of radiation, thus generating the largest possible amount of energy.

3.   wire connection:

After installing the solar panels in place, comes the wiring step, the MC 4 wiring being the best, which often comes with the solar panel sold. It is important to check that the electricity is turned off to the house while doing this step, to ensure safety.

4.   Inverter installation:

The solar cells produce direct electric current, and the job of the inverter is to convert the direct current into alternating current that is compatible with the electricity of the house. The inverter can be placed next to the solar panels or inside the house, it is important to keep it in a cool place with good ventilation.

5.   Solar batteries:

The batteries retain the surplus energy converted into electricity during the day, to be used at night as well as during cloudy weather when not enough sunlight reaches the solar cells. Without these batteries, solar energy would only be used during the day.

After all stages are completed, you can turn the power back on at home to test the performance of the new solar system.

How do I choose the right solar system for my home?

There are several points you should consider before purchasing solar panels:

1.   Your home's energy needs:

The larger the house, the more rooms it needs, and the more lighting, heating, and other electrical appliances, which means that it will need more energy, and therefore you will need more panels.

2.   budget:

The sun’s energy is free and renewable. This is true, but at first, you will need a significant amount of money to buy everything you need to install the solar system in your home, and this amount can be increased as the number of panels needed in the house increases.

3.   House roof:

As mentioned earlier, the roof of the house is the best place to install solar panels, but what if the roof is not sturdy enough or does not have a suitable angle of inclination to receive the required amount of radiation? Not all ceilings are suitable for panel installation, therefore you will need to make changes to the ceiling and this requires more money, this should be noted in advance.

In conclusion...

Although there are many things to consider before installing solar panels, this step should never hesitate. The world has gradually begun to invest seriously in clean energy, and in the future, it may be completely dispensed with other limited and polluting energies of the environment, so hurry up to join the investors of the energy of our great sun and enjoy permanent and free electricity.

Read more:  What Are Photovoltaic Cells And How Do They Work?

Importance of solar panels for the environment
What are photovoltaic cells and how do they work?

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